Ovarian cysts, also known as adnexal masses in Singapore, are usually growths caused by ovulation. They may manifest in the form of sacs of fluids or solid masses and are usually found on the ovaries. Ovarian cysts are common and do not necessarily cause issues all the time.
Most cysts are benign and are usually functional cysts that have tendencies to shrink and disappear on their own over time. Types of functional cysts include follicular cysts and corpus luteum cysts. However, certain types of ovarian cysts may cause health complications and require medical and surgical interventions.
Complication-inducing cysts may include:
Ovarian cysts tend to affect women of all ages and may even grow in infants and foetuses. Medical intervention is typically focused on the prevention of haemorrhages and ruptures as it presents a risk of structural damage to the ovaries.
Ovarian cysts management efforts may also include a reduction of the risk of progression to cancer. Whilst ovarian cysts are mostly benign, in the case of post-menopausal women, the chances of malignant cysts are higher. Specifically in Singapore, the prevalence of ovarian cancer has been increasing, thus, it is important that regular screenings are conducted for early detection and prevention.
The growth of ovarian cysts can be attributed to a few causes:
Symptoms of ovarian cysts include:
If you notice any of the symptoms stated above, make an appointment today to get an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment.
Typically, ovarian cysts are painless and individuals are often asymptomatic. Where pain is present, it is usually described as a pain that intensifies when menstruating. Patients have also reported pain radiating to the thighs and lower back from the pelvic region. In cases where patients present acute and sharp pain, an indication of ovarian rupture is found during further investigation.
Any female can be affected by ovarian cysts, however, there are several factors that may increase the risk, these are:
Ovarian cysts can be diagnosed in the following ways:
Ovarian cysts can be treated in the following ways:
Medications such as hormonal pills will not shrink ovarian cysts. One may attempt to make dietary changes to improve symptoms such as reducing high-fat food to achieve healthier hormone levels.
Cysts over the size of 5 cm may cause symptoms of pain and discomfort thus removal would be advised. These are not necessarily dangerous. Ovarian cysts are deemed dangerous only if they are malignant.